The DApp stand for Decentralized applications.  These are programs that run on a blockchain network facilitating the P2P network of blockchain. These applications run on the network of multiple computers and none of these applications are monitored and controlled by a single entity. 

DApp: how does it work?

DApp stores data within a decentralized database and the applications use decentralized computing resources for their functioning. These decentralized apps run on open source code. Decentralized architecture assumes that application source code can be reachable by all network members.

A DApp and smart contract: the difference

Smart contracts are specific programs, which remain stored on the blockchain, and they self-execute when situations demand their assistance. DApps are certain applications that do not persist on the blockchain, but they can somewhat interact with network. DApps are applied to interconnect with smart contacts, and by means of communication with smart contacts, DApps execute their interactions with the entire blockchain network.

General features of DApps

The best part of DApps is their inherent nature. Despite various functionalities, these unique applications show some common feature are:

Open source applications:  The core trait of DApps is self-sufficiency and settled agreement, but the changes are the result of a community decision. The code is an open one, and is usually available to all.

Decentralized nature of DApps is one of the uniqueness. Itdata-relatedus and can store the data related transactions.  The DApps are not monitored or followed by centralized authority. These apps lay focus on the autonomous nature of the blockchain network.

Algorithm: Decentralized app needs a consent mechanism to portray proof of value as per the cryptographic system. Fundamentally, this proof donates value to the cryptographic token and generates a agreement protocol that users agree upon to generate valuable crypto tokens.

Incentivization:  As DApp is based on a decentralized blockchain, the validators of the accounts on the network need to be compensated or be incentivized either with cryptographic tokens or in the form of digital assets with certain values.

How DApps are used in the present world?

DApps are in their budding stages and it is recognized that these decentralized apps can be used in many potential ways, however, research and development is ongoing on this topic. Presently decentralized apps are used in the three following purposes.

Management of money and transfer of money

Decentralized Apps are now used in money management and for the transfer of money on a decentralized network.  These apps can speed up the transaction process on blockchain network and its crypto a coin. Money management, lending, transfer is done eliminating the brokerage in P2P mode and thus maintains the best possible security and confidentiality. 

Business process management

Companies can utilize decentralized applications to reorganize procedures without human involvement. With the assistance of smart contracts – an indispensable component in a blockchain network, serious issues can be resolved, and procedure competence can be improved. 

Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO)

DAO is a totally new effort to start faceless organizations lacking leaders. These organizations mostly work as a company and run via rules that are well-defined by programming languages on the blockchain with the help of DApps.  The DApps can speed up the whole process.

The use of decentralized apps is increasing. We can hope that in near future, these advanced open sources apps will be used for many other task managements.